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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The author(s) agree with the Open Access Policy, as well as Article Processing Charge (APC).

Author Guidelines

Readability: Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English (British or American English throughout). The editors can not undertake wholesale revisions of poorly written papers. Every paper must be free of unnecessary jargon and clearly readable by any specialist of applied ecology or environmental research. The abstract should be written in an explanatory style that will be comprehensible also to readers who are not experts in the subject matter.

General format: The complete paper has to be written preferably in Rich Text Format or in a MS-Word 2003 compatible file, with a maximum of 30 pages including text, figures and tables. Page size: A4, margins: 3 cm on each side, line spacing: single, font type: Times New Roman. Please leave headers and footers unchanged, since it should be filled by the editors.

The order of the material should be as follows: Title, Author(s) and Affiliation, Abstract, Keywords, Main text (Introduction, Review of literature, Definitions (if any), Materials and methods, Results, Discussion), Acknowledgements (if any), Conflict of Interest (if any), References. This structure of the main text is not obligatory, but the paper must be logically presented. Footnotes should be avoided. The main text must be written with font size 12, justify, first indent 0.5 cm. Within each main section, two levels of subheadings are available and the titles must be with bold, bold and italic, italic respectively.

The manuscript should contain the whole text, figures, tables and explanations according to the followings (we suggest using the sample of Microsoft Words file):

Title: Should be brief and informative. The title should reflect the most important aspects of the article, in a preferably concise form of not more than 100 characters and spaces. Font size 14, capital letters, center alignment. Style: Title of Paper

By-line: Names (size 11, small capital, Style: Names of Authors) of the authors. No inclusion of scientific titles is necessary. In case of two or more authors, place their names in the same row, separate them with a hyphen (not with a comma) and please indicate the corresponding author with * in superscript. Authors from different institutions must be labelled with numbers in superscript after the names. Addresses of the authors, phone and fax number and e-mail should be also given (size 11, italic, Style: Addresses of Authors).

Abstract: Required for all manuscripts in which the problem, the principal results and conclusions are summarised. The abstract must be self-explanatory, preferably typed in one paragraph and limited to max. 300 words. It should not contain formulas, references or abbreviations. Size 10, only the word Abstract is bold, justify. (Style: Text of Abstract). The Acknowledgements (if any) should also be written in this format.

Keywords: Keywords should not exceed five, not including items appearing in the title. The keywords should be supplied indicating the scope of the paper. Size 10, italic, justify, only the word Keywords must be bold.

Introduction: The introduction must clearly state the problem, the reason for doing the work, the hypotheses or theoretical predictions under consideration and the essential background. It should not contain equations or mathematical notation. Section numbering and headings begin here.

Review of Literature: A brief survey of the relevant literature, so that a non-specialist reader could understand the significance of the presented results.

Materials and Methods: Provide sufficient details to permit repetition of the experimental work. The technical description of methods should be given when such methods are new.

Results: Results should be presented concisely. Only in exceptional cases will it be permissible to present the same set of results in both table and figure. The results section should not be used for discussion.

Discussion: Point out the significance of the results, and place the results in the context of other work and theoretical background.

Conclusion: Conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. Authors are strongly encouraged not to call out multiple figures or tables in the conclusion - these should be referenced in the body of the paper.

Acknowledgements: (if any) These should be placed in a separate paragraph at the end of the text, immediately before the Conflict of Interest. It may include funding information too. Font size 12, the word Acknowledgements is bold.

Conflict of Interest: (if any) These should be placed in a separate paragraph at the end of the text, immediately before the list of references. It may include funding information too. Font size 12, the word Conflict of Interest is bold.

References: In the text references should be cited in American Psychological Association (APA) style (Author, year). Alternatively, the author’s surname may be integrated into the text, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Cite only essential resources, avoid citing unpublished material. References to papers "in press" must mean that the article has been accepted for publication.

At the end of the paper list references alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Compulsory, list only those references that are cited in the text and prepare this list as an automatically numbered list.

The list should contain names and initials of all of the authors.

[1] Abdullah, J. (2012): City competitiveness and urban sprawl: their implications to socioeconomic and cultural life in Malaysian cities. – Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 50: 20-29.
[2] Barnes, K. B., Morgan III, J. M., Roberge, M. C., Lowe, S. (2001): Sprawl Development. Its Patterns, Consequences and Measurement. A white paper. – Towson University, Maryland 25p.
[3] Behera, D. M., Borate, S. N., Panda, S. N., Behera, P. R., Roy, P. S. (2012): Modelling and analyzing the watershed dynamics using Cellular Automata (CA)–Markov model–A geo-information based approach. – Journal of Earth System Science 121(4): 1011-1024.
[4] Podani, J. (1994): Multivariate Data Analysis in Ecology and Systematics. – SPB Publishing, The Hague 316p.
[5] Rezaei, A., Burl, J.B., Solouk, A., Zhou, B., Rezaei, M., Shahbakhti, M. (2017a): Catch energy saving opportunity (CESO), an instantaneous optimal energy management strategy for series hybrid electric vehicles. – Applied Energy 208: 655-665.
[6] Rezaei, A., Burl, J.B., Zhou, B., Rezaei, M. (2017b): A new real-time optimal energy management strategy for parallel hybrid electric vehicles. – IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 27(2): 830-837.
[7] The Guardian (2016): China and Malaysia agree on military cooperation in the South China Sea. Available on:
[8] Thompson, J.N. (1984): Insect Diversity and the Trophic Structure of Communities. – In: Huffaker, C. B. (ed.) Ecological Entomology, Wiley-Interscience, New York 776p.

Tables: Tables should be self-explanatory. They should be mentioned in the text, numbered consecutively (e.g. Table 1) and accompanied by title at the top (size 11, italic). For the title of Tables use: Table 1. Table Titles; which style also contains the serial number of the given table (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of tables will be generated automatically. Or else, you need to number them manually.

Figures: All photographs, graphs and diagrams should be numbered consecutively (e.g. Figure 1) in the order in which they are referred in the text. Caption must appear below the figure (size 11, italic) and should be sufficiently detailed to enable to understand apart from the text. The style: Figure 1. Figure Titles; should be used, which also contains the serial number of the given figure (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of figures will be generated automatically. Or else, you need to number them manually.

Explanation of lettering and symbols should be given also in the caption and only exceptionally in the figures. Figures should be of good quality and preferably in black and white. (Color figures will appear in the downloadable files, but all papers will be printed in black and white.

Figures should be designed to fit to the text area and must be embedded. In addition authors are requested to submit each figure also as an image file in one of the following formats: pcx, bmp, tif, wmf, jpg or eps.


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