• S. W. BONG School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.
  • INTAN BAIDURI BADRI School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.
  • SITI ASMA HASSAN School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.


knowledge, awareness, practice, insulin injection technique


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a common chronic disease and needs adequate glycemic control to prevent complications of uncontrolled diabetes. Insulin injection is one of diabetic management to maintain optimum blood glucose level with a condition that correct injection techniques are applied. Thus, the aim of this study is to identify the knowledge, awareness, and practice on FlexPen insulin injection technique among diabetic patients in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). This was a cross-sectional study conducted among diabetic patients in the Hospital USM diabetic centre. A total of 97 respondents were recruited using a simple random sampling method. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, awareness, and practice on FlexPen insulin injection technique among diabetic patients were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 24 for Window. The mean age of the respondents was 46.69 ± 11.73 years old. Majority of the respondents had a high level of knowledge (57.7%), awareness (83.5%), and practice (89.7%). Adequate level of knowledge, awareness, and practice is important for a correct technique on self-administration of insulin. Hence, related interventions were needed for better glycemic control.


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How to Cite

BONG, S. W., BADRI, I. B., & HASSAN, S. A. (2021). KNOWLEDGE, AWARENESS AND PRACTICE ON FLEXPEN TECHNIQUE AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN HOSPITAL USM. Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 1(4), 14–24. Retrieved from