Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-06-07T18:35:51+08:00 Tan Ching Siang Open Journal Systems <p>Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences (QJMHS) is a multi-disciplinary with double-blind peer-reviewed journal publishes across the entire field, to advance our knowledge of our nature world and its various intersections with society. The journal publishes research articles, review articles, short communications, case studies and reports in Medical and Health Sciences includes dentistry, immunology and microbiology, medicine, neuroscience, nursing, pharmacology, toxicology, pharmaceutics, biological sciences, life sciences, as well as education and educational research in medical and health sciences.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong></p> <p><a href="">Malaysian Citation Index (MyCite)</a>, <a href=";as_sdt=0%2C5&amp;;btnG=">Google Scholar</a></p> ACUTE ORGANOPHOSPHORATE POISONING: CLINICAL, DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC APPROACH 2021-06-07T18:31:47+08:00 RAFAEL MEDINA LUCERO JUAN FARAK GOMEZ MAURICIO DIAZ CARRASCAL JUAN CASTILLA ORTEGA OSCAR SANCHEZ ANDRADE NELLYS QUINTERO RINCONES <p>Organophosphate poisoning is considered pesticides that have the ability to inhibit the enzyme Acetylcholinesterase to produce an overstimulation of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors present in the CNS, exocrine glands, hollow organs, among others. A narrative review was carried out based on keywords of poisoning, organophosphate, poison and acetylcholine in between 2015 and 2020. Organophosphate poisoning mainly presents in cholinergic syndrome product of overstimulation of the muscarinic receptors. Subacutely, it can present as intermediate syndrome and subsequent consists polyneuropathy induced by organophosphates. The clinical findings pesticide exposure will provide the diagnosis. In the driving initial symptomatic should use atropine, which will act in a competitive with ACh for muscarinic and nicotinic receptors, but the reversal of the action of the organophosphate on AChE is only carried out with the oximes, pradiloxime is the first choice. The reviewed provides updated information about key aspects in organophosphate poisoning as well as a approach in the clinical presentation.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences BIOMEDICAL WASTE: TYPES, RULES AND MANAGEMENT 2021-05-08T20:20:09+08:00 NARENDAR BHOJAK HIMANI SUTHAR ABDUL SAHID HARISH CHANGEL <p>According to Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 of India “Any waste which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of citizenry or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biologicals. Biomedical waste is generated from biological and medical sources and activities, such as the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases. Common producers of biomedical waste include hospitals, health clinics, nursing homes, medical research laboratories, offices of physicians, dentists and veterinarians and morgues or funeral homes. The safe and sustainable management of biomedical waste (BMW) is social and legal responsibility of all people supporting and financing health-care activities. It has become more important and significant in the present period of pandemic. In the last one and half year geometric increase in the use PPE kit and other materials has exponentially increased the biomedical waste generation not only at hospitals but at our houses also. This is why effective BMW management (BMWM) is not only mandatory for healthy humans and cleaner environment but also essential for livelihood.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN DEVELOPING A BRA FOR MATURED WOMEN IN SRI LANKA 2021-06-07T16:39:16+08:00 NAVODA KUMARASINGHE CHANDRA PADMINI VITHANAGE <p>Female body is highly changing during the life time with certain circumstances and situations. Especially aging, pregnancy and menopause lead the female breasts towards such anatomical changes. As the major changes, the breast sagging, sweaty skin and sensitivity of the skin can be identified. With these changes the preferences towards using a bra also changes. Therefore, they have found a concerned number of issues in the available products within the local market. Even though the international market has started to move towards addressing such issues, in Sri Lanka the available product ranges make the adult women highly dissatisfied. Therefore, the techniques that have been used internationally should be applied to the products in the local market and improve them to address the main concerns of the particular customer category with an affordable price level. The main objective of this research was to identify the anatomical changes of female breast that occur due to aging and the preferences that they concern in wearing a bra. Further, a prototype of a bra that addresses the issues of the customer was developed using appropriate techniques and validated. The research will provide an opportunity to identify the market gap available in Sri Lanka, awareness to avoid the current issues and to develop more products according to the customer preferences resulting customer satisfaction.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences HOW TO APPLY TEAM-BASED LEARNING IN MEDICAL EDUCATION? 2021-06-07T16:47:28+08:00 SAID SAID ELSHAMA <p>Team-Based Learning (TBL) is one of the new instructional strategies that encourage a higher level of learning and cognitive skills; it is a type of evidence-based collaborative active learning. Team-Based Learning is a form of small-group learning that enables one instructor to manage a number of small groups in a large class at the same time. So, small groups can work independently and effectively in the knowledge application under faculty leadership although the high students to faculty ratio. The four principles of TBL are properly formed and managed groups, student accountability, team assignments that promote learning and group interaction, and frequent and immediate feedback to the students. However, there some obstacles and challenges that prevent the successful application of Team-Based Learning in medical education such as shortcomings of the content and the lack of qualified and experienced tutors. Thus, it should overcome these barriers during implementation to ensure effective Team-Based Learning. It should establish collaboration among faculty members, administrators, and other stakeholders based on a shared vision. Moreover, organizing regular training sessions which involve faculty members is by providing the required different resources, besides assigning a responsible educational team to implement the Team-Based Learning process with a regular follow-up.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ATTITUDES TOWARDS FEMALE CONDOM USAGE AMONG ADULT FEMALE IN IMO STATE UNIVERSITY, OWERRI, NIGERIA 2021-06-07T18:04:46+08:00 OSITA JOHN IKPEAMA EMEKA ANDREW IKPEAMA CHIZOBA ANTHONIA IKPEAMA CHINWE JOY IKPEAMA NONYE MARIAN ONUZULIKE <p>The study was to determine the attitude of female condom among adults’ female in Imo State University, Owerri, using cross-sectional form of descriptive survey research design. 180 copies of questionnaire returned out of 200 copies were analyzed using descriptive statistic of frequency count, normative percentage and grand mean; as well as inferential statistics of chi-square (χ2). The level of significant was fixed at ≤0.05. Appropriate degrees of freedom were worked out. Result from the research shows that attitude towards FC shows that 77.8% of respondents responded yes in different variable as shown above while 22.2% respondents responded no, when subjected to chi-square analysis. The calculated χ2=2901.4 is greater than the tabulated 9.488, indicating that significant number of respondents had good attitude toward FC. Research has shown that the concept of female condom use among women is very poor but some of the respondent’s have taking positive measures to ensure they remain safe by ensuring the use of male condom even if they would not use female condom. The will power among women in FC use is weak, this could be cultural eliminated by the help of society and men especially. The psychosexual factors were female empowerment, more options for contraception and disease prevention, discomfort with vaginal insertion, and condom use norms. The interpersonal factors included: enhanced communication, relationship status, partner preferences, and partner objections.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences