Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs <p><strong>Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences</strong> (<strong>QJMHS</strong>) is a multi-disciplinary with double-blind peer-reviewed journal publishes across the entire field, to advance our knowledge of our nature world and its various intersections with society. The journal publishes research articles, review articles, short communications, case studies and reports in Medical and Health Sciences includes dentistry, immunology and microbiology, medicine, neuroscience, nursing, pharmacology, toxicology, pharmaceutics, biological sciences, life sciences, as well as education and educational research in medical and health sciences.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong></p> <p><a href="https://myjurnal.mohe.gov.my/public/browse-journal-view.php?id=921">Malaysian Citation Index (MyCite)</a>, <a href="https://www.neliti.com/journals/qjmhs/catalogue">Neliti</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?authuser=6&amp;user=Z621qaoAAAAJ">Google Scholar</a></p> en-US Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences WOMEN'S KNOWLEDGE OF OVARIAN CANCER AND ITS DETERMINANTS FACTORS https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs/article/view/26 <p>Ovarian cancer is recognised as the fourth leading cancer in Malaysia. Despite being one of the most common causes of cancer-related death among the female population, very little is known about the disease in our society. The objective of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of ovarian cancer and its determinant factor among women attending the clinic in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect the data from 110 participants. The level of knowledge of ovarian cancer and its determinant factors was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analysed using the Pearson chi-square test for the relationship between the level of knowledge of ovarian cancer and the selected factors. The participants of this study aged from 18 to 56 years and above. A majority of them exhibited a low knowledge level of ovarian cancer. Knowledge of ovarian cancer is significantly associated with the education level, the interest in knowing about ovarian cancer, and have heard or read about ovarian cancer.The findings of this study showed that more than half of women attending the clinic at Hospital USM do not have adequate knowledge about ovarian cancer, calling for the involvement of an educational program.</p> NORHAZLIANA HASHIM DUANGTA SHET NORHASMAH MOHD ZAIN Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-10-03 2021-10-03 1 5 1 10 ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AND HEALTHCARE PAYMENT OPTIONS IN NIGERIA https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs/article/view/25 <p>Availability of resources, location of residence, and other health related factors affects the health seeking behaviour of people in Nigeria especially people in poor settlements. Many of the citizens pay for their healthcare needs through the regressive out-of-pocket payment method thus this could be a hindrance to seeking better healthcare. This study assessed the health seeking behaviour and payment options of slum dwellers using a one month recall period. Data was collected using a well-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. The quantitative statistical tools used in the study analysis were tabulations, frequencies and testing of means. The findings showed that about 32.8% of the heads of households and 25% of other household members were sick one month prior to the interview. The major illnesses was presumptive malaria (54.9%) and (55.1%) for heads of household and other household members respectively. Majority of the head of households and other household members first sought for treatment from patent medicine vendors. The major payment option available for slum dwellers to pay for their health needs was through the out-of-pocket and it was used by 62.1% of heads of households and 73.2% of other household members. Only about 3% of the household heads and about 3.9% of other household members had any form of health insurance. The policy implication is the poor health seeking patter where majority seeks care at patent medicine vendors may be improved with a good financial risk protection mechanism such as health insurance, which will improve access.</p> UCHENNA EUGENES EWELIKE OBINNA ONWUJEKWE IJEOMA OKORONKWO ERIC OBIKEZE KENNETH OGBU Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-10-03 2021-10-03 1 5 11 19 KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES REGARDING HUMAN RIGHTS OF MENTALLY ILL PATIENT AMONG NURSING STUDENTS https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs/article/view/27 <p>Human rights are applicable for everyone including those who are mentally ill. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitude of nursing students at Universiti Sains Malaysia regarding human rights of mentally ill patient. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by a simple random sampling technique on 214 nursing students. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographic variables, the knowledge and attitude regarding human rights of mentally ill patients. The findings revealed that majority of nursing students in a public university Malaysia had good knowledge with percentage of 54.7% (n=117) and positive attitude with percentage of 94.4% (n=202) regarding human rights of mentally ill patient. Increasing the knowledge and attitude regarding human rights of mentally ill patient among future nurses might help in better delivery of care as well as improving the quality of life of the patients.</p> NUR AZIA ZAINUDDIN NUR ADIBAH SOLIHIN SULAIMAN Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-10-03 2021-10-03 1 5 20 26 NOVEL BASIC HEALTH CARE PROVISION FUND IN NIGERIA: CAN WORKFORCE FOR SERVICE DELIVERY IMPROVE? https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs/article/view/28 <p>Health financing policies are political decisions that involve all stakeholders because of its potentials in altering allocations in the budget and statuesque. This important economic tool should always be used in economic policies of nations especially in developing economies because of the wrongly perceived notion that there is no investment case for health. The government of Nigeria in 2014 signed into law the National Health Act. This Act made provision for additional funding to the health sector through earmarking to the tune of about $200 million annually, with the fund called the Basic Healthcare Provision Fund (BHCPF). The study aims to determine how many more health workers will be employed in the Nigerian health force using the earmarked funds in the health sector at the primary level of care. The study is a quantitative study design that involved the use of primary data from the BHCPF’s implementation tracking tool. Data was collected during a health facility assessment in four systematically selected states in a random manner, which is in the first phase of the BHCPF implementation. This study showed that about 91,946 people will be employed directly into the Nigeria’s health system if the Basic Health care Provision Fund is successfully implemented. This will in turn bridge the gap in human resource for health especially in the rural areas and improve the quality of service delivery at primary health care level in Nigeria. Therefore more funds should be allocated to the health sector to create jobs and bridge the gap in human resource for health in the underserved areas.</p> UCHENNA EUGENES EWELIKE KURFI ABUBAKAR OBINNA ONWUJEKWE ERIC OBIKEZE KENNETH OGBU IZUCHUKWU FRANCIS EBERENDU Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-10-03 2021-10-03 1 5 27 35 IDENTIFICATION AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF KUP/HAK/KT GENE FAMILY IN DAUCUS CAROTA (WILD CARROT) https://qjmhs.com/index.php/qjmhs/article/view/29 <p>Potassium is essential macronutrient of plant. It is uptaken by plant through channels and transporters. Plants specie genomes contain a number of KUP/HAK/KT transporters having the primary function to mediate K+ fluxes. In this study, we have identified 13 gene members of KUP/HAK/KT transporter gene family. In most of the plant species, these genes have been characterized but uncharacterized in D. carota. This study has been done to identify KUP/HAK/KT gene family in D. carota plant species to study its phylogeny. This gene family is important for potassium uptake and plays an important role in translocation, osmotic potential regulation, plant development and growth. Different tools like MEGA 7.0.21, pfam, SMART and NCBI-BLASTp has been used to characterize the gene family. This study covers the phylogeny and evolution of KUP/HAK/KT transporters in D. carota with reference to A. thaliana.</p> TUBA SALEEM MASOOMA BATOOL SHAHZADI SAMRA HAFEEZ MAHWISH MUMTAZ MUHAMMAD WAQAR MAZHAR Copyright (c) 2021 Quantum Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2021-10-03 2021-10-03 1 5 36 52